Italian                        English
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  la mamma, la madre ..........  mother
  il papa', il padre ..........  father
  la sorella ..................  sister
  il fratello .................  brother
  il nonno ....................  grandfather
  la nonna ....................  grandmother
  lo zio ......................  uncle
  la zia ......................  aunt
  il cugino ...................  cousin (male)
  la cugina ...................  cousin (female)
  il figlio ...................  son
  la figlia ...................  daughter
  il marito ...................  husband
  la moglie ...................  wife
  il nipote ...................  nephew, grandson
  la nipote ...................  niece, granddaughter
  il suocero ..................  father-in-law
  la suocera ..................  mother-in-law
  il genero ...................  son-in-law
  la nuora ....................  daughter-in-law
  il cognato ..................  brother-in-law
  la cognata ..................  sister-in-law
  il patrigno .................  stepfather
  la matrigna .................  stepmother
  il fratellastro .............  stepbrother, half brother
  la sorellastra ..............  stepsister, half sister
  divorziato ..................  divorced (adj)
  separato ....................  separated (adj)
  il celibe ...................  single (man)
  la nubile ...................  single (woman)
  lo scapolo ..................  bachelor
  il vedovo ...................  widower
  la vedova ...................  widow (not window)
  la nipotina .................  granddaughter, niece
  il nipotino .................  grandson, nephew
  adottato ....................  adopted (adj)
  il bisnonno .................  great-grandfather
  la bisnonna .................  great-grandmother
  il bisnipote, il bisnipotino   great-grandson
  la bisnipote, la bisnipotina   great-granddaughter
  il padrino ..................  godfather
  la madrina ..................  godmother